Iran shot down a U.S. spy drone Thursday near the strategic Strait of Hormuz, with the two sides at odds whether it was in Iranian or international airspace, in the latest incident stoking tensions between the arch-foes.
The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps said the "U.S.-made Global Hawk surveillance drone" was hit with a missile "after violating Iranian air space" over the waters of Hormozgan province.
The Pentagon confirmed a U.S. surveillance drone was shot down by Iranian forces, but it insisted the unmanned aircraft was in international airspace.
The incident comes at a time of growing antagonism between Iran and the United States following two waves of still unexplained attacks on Gulf shipping, which Washington has blamed on Tehran.
Iran has denied any involvement and hinted the U.S. might have orchestrated them itself to provide a pretext for the use of force against the Islamic republic.
Russian President Vladimir Putin said any use of force by the United States against Iran "would be a disaster for the region."
The head of Iran's Revolutionary Guard said the downing of the drone was "a clear message" his country will defend its borders.
Iran will "respond to all foreign aggression and our reaction is, and will be, categorical and absolute", General Hossein Salami said, quoted by Tasnim news agency.
"We declare that we are not looking for war but we are ready to respond to any declaration of war," he added.
The Pentagon said later in a statement that an Iranian surface-to-air missile had brought down a U.S. Gold Hawk high-altitude drone over the Strait of Hormuz.
"Iranian reports that the aircraft was over Iran are false," it said.
"This was an unprovoked attack on a U.S. surveillance asset in international airspace."
World oil prices rebounded strongly on the news, with London's Brent North Sea crude up 2.78 percent to $63.54 per barrel in midday trading and New York's West Texas Intermediate up 3.42 percent to $55.60.
- 'Maximum pressure' -
Tensions have been running high between Iran and the United States ever since President Donald Trump abandoned a landmark 2015 nuclear agreement in May last year.
The subsequent reimposition of crippling unilateral sanctions has dealt a heavy blow to Iran's already flagging economy.
Washington has also bolstered its military presence in the Middle East in a campaign of "maximum pressure" against Tehran.
Its deployment to the Gulf of an aircraft carrier task force as well as B-52 bombers, an amphibious assault ship and a missile defense battery has sparked fears of fresh conflict in the region.
One of the two tankers attacked in the Gulf of Oman last week was damaged by a limpet mine, the U.S. military said Wednesday.
Commander Sean Kido of U.S. Naval Forces Central Command, or NAVCENT, said the mine used in the attack "is distinguishable and it is also strikingly bearing a resemblance to Iranian mines that have already been publicly displayed in Iranian military parades."
The Japanese-owned Kokuka Courageous, loaded with highly flammable methanol, came under attack on June 13 as it passed through the Gulf of Oman along with the Norwegian-operated Front Altair.
- Fingerprints -
It was the second attack in a month on ships in the strategic shipping lane.
On May 12, two Saudi oil tankers and two other vessels were damaged in mysterious "sabotage attacks" in the Gulf of Oman off the United Arab Emirates.
Kido told reporters in the UAE emirate of Fujairah that the U.S. military had recovered "biometric information" of the assailants on the Kokuka Courageous including fingerprints.
This information "can be used to build a criminal case", Kido said as the U.S. Navy took journalists to the damaged ship currently anchored some 14 kilometers (nine miles) off Fujairah.
Defence Minister Amir Hatami flatly rejected allegations Iran was behind the twin attacks.
"Accusations levelled against Iran's armed forces and the published film with regards to the incident (that) happened to the vessels... are unsubstantiated and we categorically reject these accusations," the official news agency IRNA quoted him as saying.
Washington has released images and a grainy black-and-white video it says shows Iranians on a patrol boat removing an unexploded limpet mine attached to the Kokuka Courageous.
The U.S. commander Kido said there was an "ongoing joint and combined investigation with our regional partners into the attacks" on the two tankers.
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