Only Border Syrian Regime Still Controls is with Lebanonإقرأ هذا الخبر بالعربية
Since extremists from the Islamic State group (IS) seized Syria's al-Tanaf crossing with Iraq, the Syrian regime has effectively lost control of all of its borders except those with Lebanon.
Of Syria's 19 border posts with Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, and Turkey, government forces now control just seven -- five with Lebanon, and two more, both closed, with Turkey.
Four crossings are controlled by Kurdish forces, four by IS, and another four by al-Qaida's Syrian affiliate or rebels. Opposition fighters also control an unofficial border point with Israel.
- Border with Turkey (9) -
- Kasab: in the western province of Latakia. Under regime control but closed by Turkey since fierce clashes in 2014 between the army and Islamist rebels, who briefly overran the post.
- Bab al-Hawa: Held by Islamist rebels, including Syria's al-Qaida branch Al-Nusra Front. In the northwestern province of Idlib.
- Bab al-Salama: In the town of Aazaz in northern Aleppo province. Held by Islamist rebels.
- Jarabulus: In Aleppo province. Held by IS.
- Tal Abyad: Held by IS in northern Raqa province, which is almost entirely held by the group.
- Ain al-Arab: In Aleppo province. Controlled by Kurdish fighters.
- Ras al-Ain: In the northeastern province of Hasakeh. Was the site of ferocious fighting between IS and Kurdish fighters before the latter forced the jihadists out of the post and nearby town.
- Qamishli-Nassibin: The only regime-controlled crossing in Hasakeh province, but closed by Turkey on its side.
- Ain Diwar: In Hasakeh. Controlled by Kurdish fighters.
- Border with Iraq (3) -
- Yarabiyah: In Hasakeh. Controlled by Kurdish fighters. On the Iraqi side, the crossing is knows as Rabia.
- Albu Kamal: In the eastern province of Deir Ezzor. Held by IS after it chased out al-Nusra and other opposition fighters. Known as al-Qaim on the Iraqi side.
- Al-Tanaf: South of Deir Ezzor. Seized by IS on Thursday. It had been the only crossing with Iraq still controlled by government forces. Iraqis call it al-Walid.
- Border with Jordan (2) -
- Nasib: In the southern province of Daraa. Was overrun by rebels in April 2015. It had been the last remaining regime-held crossing with Jordan, which calls it Jaber.
- Former Daraa customs post: Al-Nusra Front and other Islamist fighters seized the crossing, known as al-Ramtha by the Jordanians, in October 2013.
- Border with Lebanon (5) -All five crossings, which lead into Homs and Damascus provinces in Syria, are controlled by government forces:
- Jdaidet Yabus, known as Masnaa on the Lebanese side.
- Daboussiye, known by the Lebanese as al-Abboudiyeh.
- Jussiye, called al-Qaa by Lebanon.
- Tal Kalakh, called Bouqueiya in Lebanon.
- Tartus, or al-Arida on the Lebanese side.
- With Israel -
There are no official crossings between Syria and Israel, which are officially still at war, but the Quneitra border point is controlled by rebels. Israel has occupied the Golan Heights since 1967.
- Maritime border -
All seaports are controlled by the regime.