Mali Armed Groups Sign Peace Deal
Former Tuareg rebels in northern Mali and rival pro-government armed groups said they sealed a peace deal Thursday to end hostilities after days of talks.
Mali was hit by violence between the two sides in August and September despite a peace deal signed earlier this year.
But jihadist armed groups still represent the main threat in the region, carrying out regular attacks and laying mines.
Officials from the Tuareg-led Coordination of Movements of Azawad (CMA) and the Platform, a coalition of pro-government groups, told Agence France Presse they reached agreement on a "pact of honor" after nearly three weeks of talks in Anefis, 100 kilometers (60 miles) southwest of the regional capital Kidal.
"We have held direct negotiations between us. We finished the meeting this evening (Thursday), everyone has made peace, starting with us, the Platform and the CMA," said Kidal member of parliament Ahmoudene Ag Iknass, a Platform supporter.
"The war is behind us. The Platform and the CMA have made peace, but other tribes or groups that had problems between themselves also made peace," Boubacar Ould Hamadi of the CMA said.
The two sides had fought for control of Anefis in violation of the peace agreement they had signed -- in May for the Platform and June for the CMA.
In a statement released Thursday, the U.N. peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA) welcomed "the series of meetings held in Anefis, from October 4 to 14, 2015, as part of a direct and constructive dialogue" between the two sides.
MINUSMA said it was encouraged by "the development which constitutes a qualitative step in the process of inter-Malian peace."
"This advance adds to the progress that has been made since the completion of the signing of the agreement for peace and national reconciliation in Mali, reaffirming the resolute march towards a lasting and inclusive peace," it said.
Divided into rival armed factions, plagued by drug trafficking and at the mercy of jihadism, Mali's desert north has struggled for stability since the west African nation gained independence in 1960.
In spring 2012 the north fell under the control of jihadist groups linked to Al-Qaeda who imposed a brutal interpretation of sharia law on the region, with the country reeling from a military coup.
The Islamists were largely ousted by an ongoing French-led military operation launched in January 2013, although they have since launched sporadic attacks on security forces from desert hideouts.
The French defense ministry said Thursday three special forces soldiers were wounded in a landmine blast this week in northern Mali.
Nine French soldiers have died in Mali where 1,300 French military personnel are deployed to fight the jihadists.