China, Voracious Buyer of Foreign Agricultural Land
A Chinese tycoon's purchase of vast wheat fields in France highlights China's increasing acquisition of foreign farmland as the Asian giant seeks to keep up with its massive population's growing appetite.
With 1.4 billion mouths to feed -- one-fifth of the world's population -- but less than 10 percent of the planet's arable land, China has looked abroad to fill its food needs.
In addition to rising consumption, appalling food safety scandals at home have also boosted the appeal of imported products, seen as safer bets.
Chinese investment in agriculture abroad has soared to at least $94 billion since 2010, with almost half of that invested in the past two years, according to statistics from U.S.-based think tanks, the American Enterprise Institute and the Heritage Foundation.
Private and state-owned Chinese enterprises have made investments covering nine million hectares (22 million acres) in developing countries as of 2012. But in recent years, attention has shifted to Australia, the United States and Europe.
Here are some of China's biggest overseas agriculture deals:
- Australian mega ranch -
In 2016, Chinese property developer Shanghai CRED went in with a local mining group to purchase the biggest ranch in the world -- S. Kidman & Co in Australia, which owns 185,000 cattle and controls 2.5 percent of all the country's agricultural land.
The acquisition came on the heels of a controversial 2012 takeover of Australia's largest cotton farm by Chinese company Shandong Ruyi.
- New Zealand dairy -
Chinese food giants Bright Food, Yili and Pengxin have bought dozens of New Zealand dairy farms despite grumbling local farmers, and now churn out products there that are very highly regarded in the mainland market.
- American pork -
Pork producer WH Group, formerly known as Shuanghui International Holdings, bought U.S. company Smithfield Foods for $4.7 billion in 2013. With debt included, the deal was worth $7.1 billion.
- Ukraine rejection -
In 2013, reports that Ukraine -- the breadbasket of Europe -- would lease three million hectares of agricultural land to a Chinese group sparked a heated controversy, but the Ukrainians eventually denied the reports.