Egyptians Overwhelmingly Approve Changes Extending Sisi's Rule

W460

Egyptian voters have overwhelmingly backed constitutional changes that could see President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi's rule extended to 2030, the electoral board said Tuesday.

National Election Authority head Lashin Ibrahim told a Cairo press conference that 88.83 percent voted "yes" in a referendum on the amendments, with 11.17 percent voting "no".

The three-day vote took place "in a democratic climate powered by freedom," he added.

Sisi took to Twitter shortly after the results were announced to thank his fellow citizens "who dazzled the world with their awareness of the challenges facing" Egypt.

Around 27 million votes were cast in the Arab world's most populous country, with a turnout rate of 44.33 percent.

Rights groups have criticised the conditions surrounding the rushed vote, including the suppression of those opposing the sweeping changes that consolidate Sisi's power.

Egypt's parliament, stacked with Sisi loyalists, voted in favour of the amendments last week, giving voters just days to digest the changes to 20 articles.

Other controversial amendments include boosting Sisi's control over the judiciary and giving the military even greater influence in Egyptian political life. 

- No one near 'throne' -

Sisi has argued he needs longer to complete the job of restoring security and stability after the turmoil that followed the overthrow of veteran autocrat Hosni Mubarak in the Arab Spring of 2011.

A vote in Sisi's favour was expected but analysts worried about its consequences. 

Analyst Mai El-Sadany, legal director at the Washington-based Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP), told AFP the amendments could have "long-term negative implications for Egypt".

The main amendment, which has set the nation abuzz, is the near certainty that Sisi will run for another six years in office when his term ends in 2024.

His current term was to end in 2022 but was retroactively updated with an extra two years. 

Riding a populist wave after militarily overthrowing Islamist president Mohamed Morsi in July 2013, Sisi cruised to a presidential victory in 2014 and was re-elected with more than 97 percent of the vote in 2018.

"What is coming is extremely bad...it gives the message that I am your God and no one will come near the throne as long as I'm in power," said veteran Cairo University political scientist Hassan Nafaa.

"How can a constitution be changed to tailor-fit one person?" he asked.

Domestically and internationally, Sisi has presented himself as a bulwark against terrorism and a rock of political stability amid a region in turmoil.

- 'So much power' -

"These constitutional amendments empower the executive and military at the expense of a weakened judiciary and legislature" said Sadany of TIMEP.

"Doing so eats away at the separation of powers, it deteriorates the rule of law, and it silences spaces for independent dissent," she explained.

Under Sisi, authorities have silenced all forms of political opposition in a sweeping crackdown on Islamists as well as secular and liberal activists. 

Rights groups have consistently criticised these heavy-handed tactics.

Human Rights Watch's deputy director for the Middle East and North Africa, Michael Page, called the amendments "a shameless attempt to entrench the military’s power over civilian rule" and said the referendum "took place in such an unfree and unfair environment that its results can have no pretense to legitimacy".

Mustapha Kamel al-Sayyid, a professor of political science at the American University of Cairo, said the amendments set a dangerous precedent for future rulers beyond the tenure of 64-year-old Sisi.

"This (raft of amendments) is unprecedented in the (modern) history of Egypt," he said.

The constitutional package strengthens "the hand of one individual over everyone else... it will be very difficult to go back on because who will give up so much power?" Sayyid added.

Comments 5
Missing sanctify 24 April 2019, 15:31

Another theatrical and corrupt Arab referendum.

Thumb chrisrushlau 24 April 2019, 16:02

The US Congress, required by one of its own laws to determine if Sisi committed a military takeover in assuming power, which determination would cut off US funding, has announced that it will need another five to ten years in order to complete its study. "This is not guessing games we're playing here: we have to be right," said Democratic Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, in Switzerland currently for a ski holiday with Lebanon's Minister of Military Beret Wear, Lt. Col. (Ret.) "Al" Rahi. All skiing is being done by English surrogates for safety and diversity's sake. Lebanon's Hezbullah denounced the announcement as "extreme" and "ill-judged" and said it was studying it carefully.

Thumb chrisrushlau 24 April 2019, 16:08

Actually the Congress's (and US main stream media's) justification for Sisi's coup was that Morsi was not respecting the judiciary. That's right, Mubarak's judges, the ones who, under Sisi's ecstatic guidance, condemned half the country to death for being alive during a certain person's violent death. In one case, more than a hundred were condemned to death on account of an officer's death, apparently for being present at a demonstration where the officer died, 149 persons is the number that comes to mind. Egyptian legal philosophy is very flexible, just as with its policing institutions. "Who do I have to kill?" US foreign policy is adamantine by contrast: "Kill them all and let God sort them out."

Thumb s.o.s 24 April 2019, 17:55

Egyptians have had a military boot on their necks for the last 6000 years, when it wasn’t a pharaoh it was a Greek, Roman, Arab, Mamlook, ottoman, French , British and now puppet. They’re preconditioned in their DNA to be stepped on. What a shame for a once the greatest and most advanced civilization on earth.

Thumb chrisrushlau 25 April 2019, 18:49

Your racism becomes you.