Week after Deadly Blast, Lebanon Crisis Deepens

W460

The resignation of the government deepened political uncertainty as Beirut on Tuesday marked one week since the deadly port explosion rocked the capital and shook the nation to its core.

The August 4 blast, the country's worst peacetime tragedy which killed at least 160 people and wounded over 6,000, is widely blamed on state negligence and has ignited unprecedented popular rage against the ruling class.

Under pressure from all sides, Prime Minister Hassan Diab announced his government's resignation on Monday, even as protesters clashed with riot police near his office for a third consecutive evening of street violence.

In his speech, the 61-year-old sought to cast himself as a champion of the struggle against a cartel of corrupt political overlords, despite the fact many Lebanese have long regarded him as their puppet rather than a victim.

As the shattered and traumatized capital city licked its wounds, its streets still filled with the sound of broken glass being swept away, people welcomed news of the cabinet's resignation with mixed feelings.

Some saw it as a victory for the protest movement that already forced out the previous government last year. Others warned that, given the power of Lebanon's factions and family clans, the same old faces may be back before too long.

"It's a long fight that won't end in a month or two," said Hussein al-Ashi, an activist and lawyer defending the resurgent protest camp.

"But they are weak, they have never been weaker, even among their own people," he said of the entrenched oligarchy of former warlords running the country. "I am very hopeful ... with what I'm seeing on the street."

- Search for next PM -

The blast rocked Lebanon at a time when it was already on its knees, having defaulted on its massive debt and seen poverty rise to near third world levels.

Some observers argue that the massive extra burden and the deep popular anger over the tragedy will reduce the room for maneuver of Lebanon's politicians, who also face pressure to agree as a condition for foreign assistance.

"They will find it very difficult to avoid the kind of structural reforms that the international community has made a precondition for any aid," said political science professor Bassel Salloukh of the Lebanese American University.

France has taken the lead of the international emergency response, and President Emmanuel Macron chaired an aid conference that raised a quarter of a million euros.

Macron visited blast-ravaged neighborhoods of Beirut two days after the disaster and adopted a tough tone with the Lebanese leaders he met, warning that they needed to strike "a revamped pact with the Lebanese people."

For now Diab's team will continue in a caretaker capacity, as Lebanon faces some of its darkest hours, but negotiations were underway for a successor.

According to the Al-Akhbar daily newspaper, veteran diplomat Nawaf Salam is favored by Paris, Washington and Riyadh, three of the key outside power brokers in Lebanon.

Iran, sponsor of Lebanon's dominant Hizbullah movement, also appeared to be on board with such a scenario, which would see Salam head up a neutral government not hostile to the Shiite group.

It was not clear how other factions viewed that solution.

The 66-year-old Salam was Lebanon's ambassador to the United Nations for a decade before serving a term as a judge on the U.N.-backed International Court of Justice.

- Food 'catastrophe' looms -

In the blast zone, the increasingly hopeless search for survivors continued.

Close to 20 people were still missing, including firefighters who were sent to the fire that preceded the explosion.

The blast, which was felt as far as Cyprus, ripped the side off towering grain silos that shielded part of the city from the shockwave but spilled thousands of tons of grain vital to the country's food security.

Foreign and Lebanese teams have been camping at "ground zero" near the site of the blast to organize the rescue effort and to restore temporary port infrastructure.

Standing next to a U.N. cargo plane Monday, the head of the World Food Program said Lebanon needed all the help it could get because 85 percent of Lebanon's food used to come in through the port.

"You are literally looking at a catastrophe in the making right now if we don't get the food moving and this port operational," David Beasley said.

He said the plane was bringing in temporary warehousing equipment, cranes and generators to replace what was blown to smithereens by the blast.

"Within two weeks, we're going to have that port operational, at least to the extent that we could put bread on the table of the people of Lebanon," he vowed.

"Because right now the people of Lebanon are going to run out of bread in about two weeks."

Comments 10
Thumb Surrounded 11 August 2020, 15:48

You either unite or you die. Fight for no religion. Fight for not warlords. Fight that they should all pay the price and hang by guillotine.
This is all I can help you guys. It is an advice from someone who lived there for a few years. God give you courage to get rid of corruption and you, the people, take control.

This is too much for me, and I am going to stop commenting. I wish you the best of luck.

Thumb roflmfao 11 August 2020, 19:04

Dude.. how does one "hang by guillotine"?.. I'm no expert.. but it is my humble opinion.. that one needs to at least.. have a head and a neck to hang... Even a short neck would do.. no need for a Bashar giraffe neck to execute.., pardon the pun,.. the procedure but it would be interesting.. from a scientific point of view... Or maybe you plan to hang them by the ankles.. Gravity Boots style.. relieve their back pain... BTW if you think you are "Surrounded by idiots".. take a quick look around.. you might be in a house of mirrors... I'm sorry you are leaving dude.. we hardly knew ye...
Should auld acquaintance be forgot
And never brought to mind?
Should auld acquaintance be forgot
And days of auld lang syne?..

Thumb Surrounded 12 August 2020, 07:58

roflmfao, very funny as usual! I always read your comments and hope to keep reading them in the future. Thanks Dude!

Thumb roflmfao 12 August 2020, 20:46

Dude.. Surrounded.. I'm glad you're amused by my posts.. and thank you.. I try to bring a little levity.. in these times of crisis.. But dude.. you still have not explained.. how do you "hang by guillotine"?.. Is this something like.. a decade is a long time kind of deal?.. Seriously dude.. hangmen and hangmen women up and down the planet.. are waiting with bated breath.. iPad in hand.. for the detailed techniques.. maybe some type of ninja death grip thingy..don't let them wait.. dude.. I wouldn't want to piss off.. the people who execute the.. ahem.. executables...

Missing kazan 11 August 2020, 16:13

It is difficult to believe that Lebanon will be able to become peaceful, because there is a lot of mistrust and hatred between the various groups in the population, just look at the comments of Naharnet readers! hostility based on religious differences is embedded in the society and in the DNA of the population.A basic and elementary code in democracy and in civilised behaviour is "accept and respect that others may have different opinion(s)”.

Thumb janoubi 11 August 2020, 16:56

مصدر في المعارضة السورية يكشف رواية جديدة لانفجار بيروت!

كي تقوم روسيا بهذه المهمة، أرسلت روسيا سفينتين بحريتين كبيرتين محملتين بآلاف الأطنان من مادة نترات الأمونيوم وتمّ شحنهما وتوجّهتا الأولى إلى مرفأ اللاذقية والثانية إلى مرفأ بيروت باعتبارهما نقاط خلفية بعيدتين عن يد الثوار السوريين، وسبب إرسال هذه السفينتين هو اقتصادي بحت، إذ أنّ روسيا لا تستطيع تحمّل كلفة صواريخ الطائرات المطلوب إلقائها لدحر الثوار واستعاضت عن ذلك بخبرة عسكرية قديمة استعملت في الحرب العالمية الثانية وهي البراميل المتفجرة. وإذا أخذنا بالإعتبار أنّ ثمن صاروخ الطائرة لا يقل عن ١٠٠ الف دولار، فإنّ شحنة مثل شحنة بيروت ثمنها لا يزيد عن مليوني دولار كأقصى حد باستطاعتها تجهيز مئات آلاف البراميل مما يُخفف الكلفة المالية بشكل كبير جداً عن القوات الروسية في معاركها ضد الثوار. وقد جرى إنشاء ٤ مصانع للبراميل المتفجرة، الأول في منطقة جبلة، والثاني قرب اللاذقية، واثنين قرب دمشق.

https://janoubia.com/2020/08/11/مصدر-في-المعارضة-السورية-يكشف-رواية-جد/

Thumb ex-fpm 11 August 2020, 17:30

Janoubi:

The article makes a lot of sense and answers many previously unanswered questions!

Missing logik 11 August 2020, 23:18

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-lebanon-security-blast-documents-excl/exclusive-lebanons-leaders-warned-in-july-about-explosives-at-port-documents-idUSKCN2562L7

Missing logik 11 August 2020, 23:19

http://m.naharnet.com/stories/en/274101-netanyahu-calls-for-removing-hizbullah-arms-from-inhabited-areas

Missing logik 11 August 2020, 23:19

And Israel is ready to attack