Syria: Rustom Ghazali Named Chief of Political Securityإقرأ هذا الخبر بالعربية
Syria has named General Ali Mamlouk as the new head of its national security office and General Rustom Ghazali as the new chief of political security, in a shakeup of the security services after a bombing killed four top regime figures last week, a security source told Agence France Presse on Tuesday.
"General Ali Mamlouk, who was head of state security, is becoming the head of the bureau of national security, with the rank of minister, overseeing the entire security apparatus," the source said.
"He will report directly to President Bashar Assad," the source added.
General Rustom Ghazali, the former director of military security in Damascus, has been named chief of political security, the source said, replacing Deeb Zaytoun, who will take over Mamlouk's former post as head of state security.
The shake-up follows a July 18 attack, claimed by rebel forces battling Assad's regime, which targeted the government's security leadership.
The attack killed Defense Minister Daoud Rajha, Assad's brother-in-law Assad Shawkat, national security chief Hisham Ikhtiyar and Hassan Turkmani, head of the crisis cell set up to tackle the uprising against the regime.
"Until now, the security services were spread among different ministers: the military intelligence and those of the army and the air force under the minister of defense, the political intelligence under the interior ministry and the state security with the presidency," the source said.
"A process of centralization was underway, but it was of course accelerated by the attack."
Assad's father and predecessor, Hafez Assad, created multiple intelligence services whose rivalry made it more difficult for any forces to engage in a coup.
In the wake of the uprising, President Assad has forced his regime to consolidate those multiple services, in a bid to protect the increasingly embattled government.