Top U.S. Officer on First Visit to Iraq since Troop Exitإقرأ هذا الخبر بالعربية
Top U.S. military officer General Martin Dempsey landed in Baghdad on Tuesday, insisting that Washington still had an important role to play in Iraq eight months after American troops departed.
Dempsey, who is due to meet with Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki and Iraqi army chief of staff Lieutenant General Babaker Zebari, is the highest-ranking American to visit Iraq since the December 2011 pullout.
Dempsey, the chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, said in an interview with Agence France Presse that the United States still had a role in Iraq, but under much different circumstances.
"We still retain significant investment and significant influence. But now it's on the basis of a partnership and not on the basis of ownership," Dempsey, who served in Iraq as a commander during the war, told AFP before landing in Baghdad.
Dempsey, who was last in Iraq in December 2011, stressed that he came to build a dialogue with his Iraqi counterparts and explore expanding military ties, not to make demands.
Iraqi officials, notably Zebari, have said that while the country's security forces are capable of maintaining internal security, they will not be able to fully defend the country's borders, waters or airspace until 2020.
The U.S., which at one point had nearly 170,000 troops stationed in Iraq in the years following the 2003 invasion, now has fewer than 200 soldiers in the country under the authority of the U.S. embassy, charged with helping train Iraqi forces on new military equipment.
The four-star general said he would not press the Iraqi government on reports that it may be allowing Iran to ferry supplies to the Syrian regime, which has been fighting a 17-month uprising, through Iraqi territory or helping Tehran circumvent financial sanctions.
"I don't go to Baghdad with an expectation that the prime minister will change his talking points just because I've arrived in Baghdad," he said.
"I don't intend to ask him specifically about whether they are taking any active role in the Syrian situation."
But he said it was possible that weapons or other supplies could be smuggled across the desert of western Iraq without the direction of the Baghdad government.
"It is not inconceivable that there are things going on the western edge of Iraq that the central government may lack knowledge of. That's absolutely feasible."
"It's also possible that they are using that expanse for some purpose."
"I don't know if that's going to come up in my conversation today."
Iraqi officials have warned multiple times in recent months that al-Qaida fighters were likely crossing the 600-kilometer (375-mile) border with Syria, and have bolstered border security.
They have also denied helping Iran skirt international sanctions, insisting that any relations with the Islamic republic were public and transparent.
Dempsey arrived from Afghanistan, where his C-17 aircraft was damaged by an insurgent rocket attack on the tarmac overnight at Bagram air base, forcing the general to use another plane for his trip to the Iraqi capital.
Earlier on his tour Dempsey said that he believed Iraqi leaders wanted to bolster relations with the American military.
Asked about the rocket attack at Bagram, Dempsey smiled and shrugged, saying perhaps it was a "lucky shot" by the Taliban.