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Transplanting a Womb: Q&A on Revolutionary Swedish Technique

A Swedish doctor has accomplished what many had deemed impossible by transplanting wombs into women and delivering four healthy babies so far — with a fifth soon on the way. Here are questions and answers about the revolutionary procedure.

Q: HOW DOES THE SURGERY WORK?

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Studies: 'Major Step' Toward Universal Flu Vaccine

Scientists have taken a major step towards creating a vaccine that works against multiple strains of influenza, according to two studies published Monday in top journals.

A "universal vaccine" is the holy grail of immunization efforts against the flu, a shape-shifting virus which kills up to half a million people each year, according the World Health Organization.

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Report: Dementia Cases to Nearly Triple by 2050

The number of people with dementia worldwide will nearly triple from 47 million today to 132 million in 2050, a report said Tuesday.

Dementia is an umbrella term for degenerative diseases of the brain characterized by a gradual decline in the ability to think and remember.

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With Many Ebola Survivors Ailing, Doctors Evaluate Situation

Lingering health problems afflicting many of the roughly 13,000 Ebola survivors have galvanized global and local health officials to find out how widespread the ailments are, and how to remedy them.

The World Health Organization calls it an emergency within an emergency. Many of the survivors have vision and hearing issues. Some others experience physical and emotional pains, fatigue and other problems. The medical community is negotiating uncharted waters as it tries to measure the scale of this problem that comes on the tail end of the biggest Ebola outbreak in history.

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Second Cancers are on the Rise; 1 in 5 U.S. Cases is a Repeat

Second cancers are on the rise. Nearly 1 in 5 new cases in the U.S. now involves someone who has had the disease before.

When doctors talk about second cancers, they mean a different tissue type or a different site, not a recurrence or spread of the original tumor.

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Germany Sees Highest Number of Births in over a Decade

Germany recorded its highest number of births last year in more than a decade, an encouraging sign for a country facing a demographic crisis.

Official figures released Friday show Germany had 715,000 births in 2014. That's the most since 2002, when 719,000 babies were born in Germany.

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Diabetes Drug Shows 1st Protection from Heart Complications

For the first time, there's evidence that a diabetes medication, Jardiance, reduces risk of the complications that are the top killer of diabetics: heart attacks, strokes and other cardiovascular damage.

Preventing those is a long-elusive goal for the millions of diabetes patients and their doctors, and one analyst who's also a trained physician even called Thursday's news of a possible groundbreaking advance a "holy grail."

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Earliest Breast Cancer Risky for Some women, Study Suggests

New research shows that chances of dying from very early breast cancer are small but the disease is riskier for young women and blacks, the same disparities seen for more advanced cancer.

Death rates in the 20 years after diagnosis totaled about 3 percent for women whose breast cancer was confined to a milk duct. The death rates were twice as high for those younger than 35 at diagnosis and in blacks — but still lower than those with more common invasive breast cancer.

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Study: Dementia May be Stabilizing in Some Countries

The occurrence of dementia and Alzheimer's disease may have stabilized in some wealthy nations, according to a study released Friday.

A review of data from Sweden, the Netherlands, Britain and Spain showed the percentage of the population with dementia -- the umbrella term for neurodegenerative diseases of the brain -- holding steady, along with the number of new cases, said the study, published in The Lancet Neurology.

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Saudi MERS Infections Soar ahead of Hajj Pilgrimage

MERS coronavirus infections have soared in Saudi Arabia ahead of the hajj pilgrimage, forcing the closure of a major hospital's emergency ward in Riyadh and killing three people, officials and the press said.

The Saudi Gazette said Thursday authorities shut the emergency ward at the King Abdulaziz Medical City, one of the capital's largest hospitals, "after at least 46 people, including hospital staff" contracted the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome.

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