Syrian Opposition Puts Off Decision on Peace Talksإقرأ هذا الخبر بالعربية
A major Syrian opposition group Wednesday postponed a decision on joining peace talks in Switzerland, as wrangling over who will go threatens to derail the biggest push yet to resolve the war.
The Saudi-backed High Negotiations Committee -- formed last month in an effort to unite Syria's fractious political and armed opposition -- met in Riyadh for a second day on whether to accept a U.N. invitation to the Geneva talks.
Salem al-Meslet, a Committee spokesman, said the group cannot make a decision until it has received a response from U.N. Syria envoy Staffan de Mistura.
The Committee insists it must be the sole opposition delegation at the talks and wants "clarifications" after the United Nations issued invitations to other regime opponents.
"Whether we say 'yes' or 'no' depends on the reply of De Mistura," which could come overnight, Meslet told AFP and Al-Arabiya television.
But he added there was a "positive" atmosphere at the Riyadh meeting.
Meslet said the Committee also needs clarification that the international community will address humanitarian issues.
The Geneva negotiations had already been delayed from Monday over the issue of who will represent the myriad forces opposing President Bashar Assad in Syria's nearly five-year civil war.
Instead of meeting face-to-face, Geneva delegations are expected to engage in indirect negotiations.
Officials have said the talks, only the second intra-Syrian dialogue since the start of the conflict, would run over six months, with the first round expected to last between two and three weeks.
- International pressure -
Syria's regime has designated its U.N. envoy Bashar al-Jaafari as its chief negotiator.
Diplomats, including U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry who met Committee members last weekend, have pressured the opposition to go to Geneva.
The talks are part of a U.N.-backed plan, agreed by top diplomats last year in Vienna, that envisages negotiations followed by a transitional government, a new constitution, and elections within 18 months.
The roadmap is the most ambitious plan yet to end the conflict which has killed more than 260,000 people and forced millions from their homes.
De Mistura's office said on Tuesday it had issued invitations to the talks, but refused to say who had been invited.
The Committee, which earlier this month named Mohammed Alloush of the Islamist rebel group Army of Islam as its chief negotiator, confirmed it had received an invitation, but so did several other opposition figures not belonging to the body.
It was unclear whether the others had been invited as official delegates or as observers.
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said Wednesday it was his understanding that only the Committee would be recognized as a negotiating delegation.
"(The Committee) is representative and it must be the negotiator, that is what was confirmed to me by Mr. De Mistura, even if there can be other people" at the talks, Fabius told France Culture radio.
Committee coordinator Riad Hijab said a U.N. Security Council resolution calling for an end to sieges in Syria and the delivery of humanitarian aid "should not be ignored."
- Myriad interests -
U.N. aid chief Stephen O'Brien on Wednesday said almost 75 percent of U.N. requests last year to get aid into "besieged" and other difficult areas went unanswered by Syria's government.
Many civilians are on the brink of starvation.
In his statement, Hijab referred to the Assad "regime's attempts to jeopardize the political process through questioning the credibility of the opposition delegation."
The row over who will attend reflects not only internal divisions but also the interests of diplomatic powers embroiled in the Syria conflict.
Russia, a main Assad ally, has pushed for a broader range of opposition at the talks, with Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov saying Tuesday that negotiations "will not achieve results" if Syria's Kurds are unrepresented.
Assad's other main ally is Iran, Saudi Arabia's regional rival.
Syria's most powerful Kurdish organization, the Democratic Union Party (PYD), said Tuesday it had not yet received an invitation.
Turkey, a leading backer of the opposition, considers the PYD to be an offshoot of the Kurdistan Worker's Party (PKK) that has waged an insurgency in southeastern Turkey.
There have been no suggestions that jihadist movements, including the Islamic State group which has seized control of large parts of Syria and neighboring Iraq, should be invited.
Syrian government forces have made important military gains in recent weeks, backed by air strikes launched by Moscow last September.
Pro-government forces this week seized the strategic town of Sheikh Miskeen in southern Daraa province from rebels and took the last opposition-controlled town in coastal Latakia province, Rabia.