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Heart Attack Test Can Reduce Hospital Admission

A simple blood test can reduce unneccessary hospital admissions by pinpointing people seeking medical help for chest pain caused by something other than a heart attack, a study said Thursday.

Researchers said they had identified the optimal level of a protein called troponin in the blood below which a heart attack can be all but ruled out as the cause of chest pain.

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Nobel-Winning Research Could Help People Beat Cancer

Understanding how our cells repair damaged DNA, a breakthrough which earned the Nobel Chemistry Prize on Wednesday, could make cancer treatment more effective, experts say.

By revealing how our cells automatically fix DNA mutations which can lead to illness, the discovery opened the door to significantly improving chemotherapy's effectiveness against cancer, which kills some eight million people worldwide each year.

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Australian Court Rules Cancer Gene Patent Invalid

An Australian cancer survivor Wednesday triumphed in a landmark challenge against biotech companies, with the country's top court ruling they could not patent a gene linked to breast cancer.

Yvonne D'Arcy took her case to the High Court of Australia, arguing that the so-called breast cancer gene BRCA1 -- the mutation famously carried by Hollywood star Angelina Jolie -- was a naturally occurring substance.

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Four Die as Singapore Hospital Suffers Wave of Hepatitis C Infections

Singapore's largest hospital apologized Tuesday after 22 kidney patients were infected with hepatitis C, with four dying in a rare outbreak at the prestigious facility.

The infections at the government-run Singapore General Hospital (SGH) involved patients admitted to one ward between April and June.

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Chinese Nobel Medicine Winner, 84, "Not Really Surprised"

One of this year's Nobel medicine laureates, Chinese Tu Youyou, said Tuesday she was "not really surprised" to win, telling local press the award was an honor for all the country's scientists.

"We carried out this research over a number of decades, so to win this award was not a surprise," the 84-year-old told the Qianjiang Evening News from her home in Zhejiang. 

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Disease, Injury Stalking Migrants on Long Road to Europe

As volunteer doctors, they are accustomed to treating injuries and disease outbreaks in conflict zones -- but now duty calls on Greek soil.

In the mobile Medecins du Monde mobile unit on the island of Lesbos, attending to thousands of refugees and migrants landing from neighboring Turkey is a round-the-clock affair.

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Mexican 'Wolf Man' Battles Isolation of Rare Condition

Jesus Aceves may never get used to people's stares, but after decades of alcoholism and a painful career as a circus freak, he has made a resolution: to stop burying his hair-covered face in his hands.

Aceves, a 41-year-old Mexican man, has an extremely rare condition called hypertrichosis, also known as "werewolf syndrome" -- an abnormal amount of hair growth on the face and body.

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Brain Research Gets $100 Million Boost

Research into brain diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and traumatic injury got a boost Thursday with a $100 million pledge from a U.S. foundation and seven universities.

The additional funds will add to a $300 million program led by the White House and known as the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative, launched by President Barack Obama in April 2013.

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Study: Link between Tallness, Higher Cancer Risk

Being tall is linked to a higher risk of cancer, especially for women, said research Thursday drawn from physical and health data for five million people in Sweden.

For every 10 centimeter (four inches) over one mete in height, the odds of developing cancer increased by 10 percent in men and 18 percent in women, the research team reported at a medical conference in Barcelona.

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No Butts: Paris Stiffens Fine for Smokers who Throw Stubs in Street

Flicking your cigarette butt in a Parisian street could from Thursday net you a stiff 68 euro ($75) fine as the city cracks down on "incivility" and pollution.

This is nearly double the current fine of 35 euros, which was rarely enforced in the City of Light where some 350 tonnes of cigarette butts are collected every year.

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