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In Next 15 Years, Gates Foundation Sees Big Jump for Poor

The $42 billion Gates Foundation says the lives of poor people around the world will improve more over the next 15 years "than at any time in history."

Bill and Melinda Gates in an interview laid out the vision for the world's largest charitable foundation as they prepared to travel to the World Economic Forum and its annual networking meeting of heads of state and business leaders.

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Australian Boy, 4, Gets 'World First' Artificial Pancreas

A four-year-old Australian boy has been fitted with an artificial pancreas in what researchers said was a world first treatment for managing type 1 diabetes.

Xavier Hames became the first patient following clinical trials to use the new device, which looks like an mp3 player and is attached to his body using several tubes inserted under the skin.

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Nigeria Reports H5N1 Bird Flu in Five States

Nigeria on Wednesday confirmed that five states have been hit with the H5N1 strain of bird flu, resulting in the deaths of tens of thousands of poultry but no human cases.

Agriculture Minister Akinwumi Adesina said the first cases were confirmed on a commercial farm in the northern city of Kano and at a live bird market in Lagos State on January 8.

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In Ukraine War Zone, a Rebel Pharmacy Seeks to Ease Pain

Inside a ramshackle and once-abandoned pharmacy in Donetsk in Ukraine's war zone, Doctor Andrei Volkov is thrilled. Medicine -- 150 bags of it -- has just arrived. 

But Volkov won't earn any money from it. He plans to give it away for free.

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U.S. Study Finds Inner City Doesn't Raise Asthma Risk

A U.S. study out Tuesday including more than 23,000 children has debunked the long-standing belief that living in the inner city raises the risk of asthma.

Instead, it found that being poor, African-American or Puerto Rican were more significant risk factors for asthma than urban living, said the findings by researchers at the John Hopkins University.

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AIDS Crisis Brewing in Crimea and East Ukraine

A lethal health crisis is brewing in Russian-annexed Crimea and war-torn eastern Ukraine, where injecting drug users have lost access to therapy to wean them off heroin, the U.N.'s AIDS envoy said Wednesday.

Out of 805 people in Crimea who before annexation were receiving opioid substitution therapy (OST) -- a tried and tested U.N.-backed treatment -- "between 80 and 100" have now died, Michel Kazatchkine told journalists.

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Study: IVF Babies Healthier than Before

Better techniques and policies have given children born from artificial fertilization a much better chance of survival and good health, a Scandinavian study said Wednesday.

Doctors looked at data from 1988 to 2007 from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden for more than 92,000 children born through assisted reproduction technology (ART), the term for in-vitro and other methods.

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Ebola Virus Changes over Time, May Thwart Drugs

The deadly Ebola virus is changing, and new genetic mutations that have arisen in the past four decades could thwart the experimental drugs that some pharmaceutical companies are developing, researchers said Tuesday.

There is no drug on the market to treat Ebola, and no vaccine to prevent it, but clinical trials were accelerated last year after the worst outbreak in history began sweeping West Africa, killing more than eight thousand people so far and infecting more than 21,000.

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Nigeria Nearing Six Months without Single Polio Case

Nigeria was on Tuesday awarded $8.1 million in funding for a final push to eradicate polio, as it nears six months without a case of the disease.

Rotary International, which is working with the World Health Organization (WHO) to wipe out the virus, said the money would go towards vaccination, research and surveillance programs.

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Life in the Slow Lane: Walking Groups Boost Health

Joining a walking group is one of the easiest ways to boost health and morale, according to an investigation published Monday in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Researchers at Britain's University of East Anglia analysed 42 published studies of people who took up organised walking -- regular outings that typically lasted less than an hour.

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