The Grievances Underlying Lebanon's Protests


An unprecedented protest movement has gripped Lebanon for almost two weeks, demanding an overhaul of a political class viewed as incompetent and corrupt.

An announced tax on calls made through free phone applications sparked the demonstrations, but that was just the latest in a long list of economic grievances that have spurred exasperated Lebanese to protest.

Here are some of them:

- Poor services -

Residents in Lebanon complain of unmaintained roads and inadequate public transport, as well as endless power cuts.

Most Lebanese pay two bills for their power -- the first to an ailing state electricity company, and the second to expensive private generators for the three to 12 hours each day when mains supply cuts out.

Consultancy firm McKinsey ranked the country's electricity supply fourth from bottom in the world, following Haiti, Nigeria and Yemen, in a report covering 2017 and 2018.

Reforms to the electricity sector have not been implemented since the end of the 1975-1990 civil war. A new electricity plan was approved in March but has not been implemented.

Many say they are fed up with paying the state for intermittent tap water they describe as undrinkable. Most also pay for drinking water and private tankers to deliver water when pipes run dry.

- Poverty and unemployment -

More than 25 percent of Lebanon lives in poverty, the World Bank says.

Unemployment stood at 10 percent in 2012, according to official figures, though many claim the real number is higher.

It estimated that 200,000 Lebanese have been pushed into poverty as a result of the eight-year civil war in neighboring Syria.

An additional 250,000 to 300,000 Lebanese citizens are estimated to have become unemployed, most of them unskilled young people.

In the northern city of Tripoli, which has emerged as a nerve center of the protests, 57 percent of the population live at or below the poverty line, according to a 2015 study by the United Nations.

More than a quarter of the city's residents suffer extreme poverty, it said.

- Inequality -

Inequality has been a major rallying call of the protesters.

The top one percent of the population make nearly 25 percent of national income while the bottom 50 percent make little more than 10 percent, according to the World Inequality Database.

- Corruption -

Lebanon ranked 138th out of 175 countries in Transparency International's 2018 corruption index, with different sectarian leaders accused of running demi-fiefdoms.

- Dollar shortage -

In recent weeks it has become difficult to withdraw dollars from ATMs, despite the Lebanese pound being pegged to the greenback.

Unofficial money exchangers have been selling dollars for far above the fixed rate of 1,500 pounds.

- Stalling growth -

Growth in Lebanon has plummeted in the wake of endless political deadlock in recent years, compounded by the 2011 breakout of civil war in neighboring Syria.

It stood at around 0.2 percent in 2018, far below growth of more than 10 percent in 2009. It is expected to remain stagnant this year, according to the International Monetary Fund.

- Colossal debt -

Economists are deeply concerned by the country's crippling debt of $86 billion.

This equates to roughly 150 percent of gross domestic product, one of the highest rates worldwide.

Eighty percent of that debt is owed to Lebanon's central bank and local banks.

- Deficit -

Lebanon adopted its first budget in 12 years last year.

But by the end of 2018, it had failed to make good on a promise to donors to reduce its budget deficit, which reached a record $6.2 billion -- over 11 percent of GDP.

This year's budget, adopted seven months late, aims to reduce the deficit to 7.6 percent of GDP.

Saad Hariri, who resigned as prime minister Tuesday, promised last week after days of protests to reduce it to 0.6 of GDP under the 2020 budget. Economists said this was unrealistic.

- Blocked aid -

In July, parliament passed an austerity budget as part of conditions to unlock $11 billion in aid pledged at a conference in Paris last year.

But with no real progress made on reforms since, the financial aid has been held up.

Lebanon has received only part of the aid promised at several previous conferences, after it failed to honor its promises to bring about substantial economic change.

Comments 16
Missing arturo 29 October 2019, 23:03

The solutions seems obvious: Hold another aide conference in Paris but don't accept conditions from the donors. Another option is for Iran to provide financial assistance to get Lebanon back on its feet. If none of those options work, it may make sense to reach agreement with Israel to develop the natural gas fields, although the price of gas is low.

Missing bigjohn 29 October 2019, 23:25

The Lebanese will rather starve and die killing you rather than reach an agreement with your criminal terrorist ethnic cleansing settler usurpers. Your apartheid years are numbered and the US will no longer be able or willing to protect your colonial existence.

Missing bigjohn 30 October 2019, 13:58

kanaanljdid no body is going to starve or die you idiot. You resist colonial aggression like the people in South Africa and the entire did and bring down the zionist regime. Those who collaborate have only one future...death!

Missing phillipo 30 October 2019, 12:09

Could you imagine the effects and probable results of peace with Israel vastly improving the economic situation of the country.
Electricity - a reliable supply by connection with the Israeli National Grid at a much cheaper rate than having to purchase it from the Turkish ships.
Ports and Airport - cutting down on smuggling, bringing in many millions to the National Treasury.
Natural Gas - agreements with the Israelis to develop the Lebanese fields for both internal use and joining the Israeli-European export pipeline, bringing in many billions to the National Treasury.
Need I go on.

Missing bigjohn 30 October 2019, 14:06

That is exactly what Racist South Africa told the African countries before Apartheid was wiped out. They told the African natives do not oppose us and side with evil against your brothers and sisters and we will give you crumbs. The governments of the world had good business relations with colonial south Africa. But, the world supported the people of South Africa instead of racist aggression.

Thumb s.o.s 30 October 2019, 16:34

Pippo, don’t pay attention to this sour loser known as Bigjohn. He’s a first class retrograde ignorant who doesn’t represent the average Lebanese.

Missing bigjohn 30 October 2019, 18:02

Phillipo come to Lebanon and say you are an Israeli. See what the natives would do to you.

With a name like Phillipo I would advise you to go back to Argentina and stop being a criminal settler.

Thumb tric.portugal 30 October 2019, 03:24 a meca revolution in Lebanon...the slogan of the meca revolution is Integration of the Whaabi Refugies in Lebanon !! Bassil to Prime-Minister of Lebanon...

Thumb tric.portugal 30 October 2019, 03:41

"In the northern city of Tripoli, which has emerged as a nerve center of the protests, 57 percent of the population live at or below the poverty line, according to a 2015 study by the United Nations."
whaabi revolution for the integration of the refugies !!!??? from Tripoli !!??? movements...Islamic movements destabilizating Lebanon !!!?? after what happenning in the region to the Cristhianity...Tripoli movements !!!??? Daesh movements !!!???

Missing fuzzyd72 30 October 2019, 10:52

All of these massive problems for our little country? Oh my...

Let's hope our best minds are asked to help the government dig themselves out of a hole.

And no, the following won't help: devaluation of the the Lebanese pound, excessive garbage, bushfires, additional taxes, high unemployment...

On second thoughts, if we can't see through a revolution, maybe we simply just have to accept this new reality.

God save us all.

Missing cedars 30 October 2019, 12:36

Let's step back and look. We must have good relationship with one neighbor at least.

Do you pick a poor neighbor that has similar problems or strong neighbor that is supported by all 5 veto countries. I chose two in order to bring Lebanon back as small Paris.

Missing bigjohn 30 October 2019, 14:27

Israeli neighbor settler: We do not want to choose a strong neighbor. Nazi Germany was a strong neighbor and many supported them in Europe and you know what happened to them and Nazi Germany. Apartheid South Africa was the strongest country in Africa with nuclear weapons and the wealthiest and you know what happened to them.

Israel is now ONLY supported by the US government as France and the UK only follow. These three countries supported Apartheid South Africa for 2 centuries until the rulers in the west decided that it is in THEIR interest to support the hundreds of millions of natives. The Natives decided to follow the hero Nelson Mandela and those who collaborated with the enemy were NECKLACED.

To the Israeli paid Zionist under several names: revolt against Zionism and be saved or you will end up like Rhodesia. You are wasting your time here.

Thumb s.o.s 30 October 2019, 16:32

You clearly are an ignorant on South Africa’s history big time. Why don’t you try make less of a fool of yourself by picking up a few books on the subject at your local library?

Missing bigjohn 30 October 2019, 18:14

Everything I wrote can be easily verified idiot. You cannot counter a single argument I made because you are ignorant. Israel was South Africa's closest ally before Apartheid was wiped out illiterate. Choke on your Kosher food.

Mandela: “We know too well that our freedom is incomplete without the freedom of the Palestinians.”

Missing bigjohn 30 October 2019, 14:34

To the enemy paid zionist under several names: be assured that there has not been a single sign or call against the resistance arms. You are wasting your time here. Be human and revolt against Zionist ethnic cleansing and apartheid.

Missing bigjohn 30 October 2019, 14:56

Many Jews are supporting BDS around the world. The Israeli lobby in the US will no longer be able to run US foreign policy in the middle east as the baby boom ages and the US can no longer support the liability called Israel and Israeli interests. .