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S. Africa President Escapes Impeachment Bid over al-Bashir

South African President Jacob Zuma Tuesday escaped a bid in parliament to impeach him over the government's refusal to arrest Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir on genocide charges brought by the International Criminal Court.

Zuma was saved partly by widespread resentment of the ICC's perceived focus on prosecuting African leaders while countries such as the United States have failed to place themselves under the control of the Hague-based institution.

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EU to Step Up Action against Mediterranean People Smugglers

The EU is preparing to step up action against people smugglers in the Mediterranean, actively seizing the boats which carry thousands of hapless migrants to Europe, officials said Tuesday.

The 28-nation EU launched the first, intelligence gathering phase of its EU NavFor Med operation in July and the commander Admiral Enrico Crendendino believes it is now time for the next step as the crisis deepens, they said.

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Pentagon Chief Says Half of Guantanamo Inmates Need Indefinite Lockup

About half the detainees at the U.S. military prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba need to be locked up "indefinitely," Defense Secretary Ashton Carter said Tuesday.

Carter said he supports President Barack Obama's long-standing goal of closing the the site, but cautioned it remains unclear what to do with many of the inmates.

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Seven People Killed in Violence in India's Northeast

Hundreds of protesters clashed with police in India's restive northeast over a controversial tribal rights laws, leaving at least seven people dead, a senior official said Tuesday.

Violence erupted in Manipur state's Churachandpur district late Monday hours after the local parliament passed three controversial bills relating to the residence rights of indigenous groups.

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U.S. Iran's 'No.1 Enemy' despite Nuclear Deal, Says Cleric

The United States remains Iran's "number one enemy" despite a recent nuclear deal with world powers, the chief of Tehran's top clerical committee said on Tuesday, Iranian media reported.

The Assembly of Experts is among Iran's most influential institutions, comprising 86 elected clerics who appoint and can dismiss the country's supreme leader.

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Two Mali Soldiers Killed in Timbuktu Attack

Two Malian soldiers were killed Tuesday in a pre-dawn attack against an army checkpoint outside Timbuktu in northern Mali, the defense ministry and a U.N. source told AFP.

"We lost two men this Tuesday at about 3am (0300 GMT) at our checkpoint north of Timbuktu," a defense ministry official said. The attack by unknown assailants was confirmed by a security source at MINUSMA, the U.N. mission in the country.

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NATO Activates Six Command Units on Eastern Flank with Russia

NATO on Tuesday activated command units in six central and eastern European members to boost defense amid regional tensions over Russia's actions in Ukraine, Lithuania's defense ministry said.

"NATO today officially activated NATO force integration units in Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Bulgaria and Romania," ministry spokeswoman Asta Galdikaite told AFP.

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Nepal Police Firing Kills Five Protesters

Five demonstrators died Tuesday after being shot by police in Nepal as anger deepened over the country's draft constitution.

Police shot dead four people from the Madhesi ethnic minority in separate incidents in the south of the country.

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Iran Hopes Nuclear Deal Propaganda Will Not Sway U.S. Congress

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said Tuesday he hoped the U.S. Congress would not be swayed by "warmongers' propaganda" over the nuclear deal struck between Tehran and world powers.

"What happens in the U.S. Congress, that's certainly a U.S. issue," he told a news conference in Tunisia.

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Turkey's New Cabinet Meets with First Pro-Kurdish, Veiled Ministers

Turkey's new caretaker government that includes the first ever representatives from a pro-Kurdish party and a veiled minister held its first meeting on Tuesday to prepare to rule until snap polls in November.

Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu formed the so-called "election cabinet" after President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called the polls following inconclusive polls on June 7.

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